Private networks are not new, but with 5G they take a whole new form. A business that wants to provide the benefits of low latency and ultra-high speed indoors should either connect to an existing public network or create a private network.When used primarily in manufacturing, 5G blurs the line and strengthens the relationship between physical manufacturing and digital technology. The real-time data capabilities of 5G, combined with smart technology, cloud computing, and advanced automation enable next-generation applications. It is the driving force behind the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
What is Private Network?
Private 5G networks, sometimes called NPNs (Non-Public Networks), are similar to the 5G available worldwide. They use the same technology and offer some of the same benefits. The difference is that they are private and therefore not available to just anyone.
These networks are deployed only for non-public use such as schools, hospitals, factory floors and other businesses or government facilities. They are independent and can be built anywhere, such as specific buildings or factories.
Because the public isn’t using them, the business doesn’t have to wait for rollout plans to deal with or finish the thousands that are clogging the airwaves and negatively impacting the network’s performance.
Dedicated 5G Network Benefits
Various benefits come with private 5G networks that are not realized in public ones. The most obvious is the controlled network load. 5G, available to everyone, could get stuck with thousands of devices competing for bandwidth (despite the high speeds of 5G), thus removing the precious burden of some of the more data-hungry and vital use cases.
For example, a factory using proprietary 5G, production or sales only, or AR, VR, automation, videoconferencing, surveillance, robotics, big data transfers, analytics, sensors, etc. It can make it accessible for high-bandwidth-related scenarios.
Most of the network’s capacity can be assigned to just a handful of things to keep them all running at maximum efficiency; this is something much more difficult to control in a public network. In addition, data does not need to go through several routers, since all the necessary resources for the network are hosted in one place.
A public network deals with its data publicly and has to serve thousands of users at the same time. A campus, hospital, or private company using a non-public 5G network can leverage edge computing to process all their data near or onsite for greater security and faster communication. They can perform maintenance in-house with the support team.