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What is Ethnology? – Features of the Department of Ethnology


Definition of ethnology studying human races and traits science branch. It examines the distribution of different races on earth and the relationships between them. Ethnology, It is a word of Greek origin. It is a combination of the words ethnos (people) and logia (science). According to the Turkish Language Association, the dictionary meaning of ethnology is the science of race. In Turkish, it is used in the form of ethnology and folklore. The use of the word Halkıyat to explain the term ethnology is not considered sufficient. It appears rather as a part of ethnology.

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What is Ethnology We briefly touched on the subject. Now let’s get into the details.

What is the Purpose of Ethnology?

The goal of ethnology to illuminate the cultural history of humanity and the societies that make up humanity. It aims to make general laws by examining its cultural and linguistic elements. It examines ethnic groups materially and spiritually and makes comparative studies among peoples. According to the in-depth studies, music ethnology, religion ethnology, etc. can be divided into groups.

Ethnology in Social Sciences

Ethnology for the social sciences The definition means dividing people into communities and comparing the differences and similarities between these communities. How races originate in the world and their activities constitute the basic issues of ethnology.

Ethnology in History

Historically, ethnology examines the cultural characteristics and origins of peoples. It studies migration movements and how they spread.

What is the History of Ethnology?

History of ethnology dates back to ancient times. Herodotus made the first studies on ethnology. He made inferences by comparing the lifestyles and traditions of different peoples with the Greek people. Especially in the 19th century, it was desired to advance the studies on ethnology. The researches made in the old times are obtained from the sources written by the people who visited the region.

Today, observations are made personally and by getting into the community and experiencing it. Ethnologists conduct ethnological research by living in a culture that is foreign to them. The increase in ethnological studies in Turkey coincides with the Republican Period. The Ethnographic Museum, founded in 1930, is an example of this.

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What are the Topics of Ethnology?

Fields of study of ethnology can be studied under different groups. Among the topics of study are researches such as human origins and how they spread to the earth.

  • Material Culture and Technology: Clothing style, equipment, house types, etc. fields are considered in this category.
  • Economy: It includes topics such as the relationship between economy and environment, division of labor within the community, trade, means of production.
  • Social Organization: It includes family life, community relations, traditions and mutual duties.
  • Religion, Magic, Mythology: Persons qualified as sacred, identification of religious elements, rites, ceremonies, supernatural powers are examined.
  • Art, Play, Music: Specialized areas include literature and rituals.

What is the Department of Ethnology?

What is Ethnology?  Features of the Department of Ethnology

Definition of ethnology department It is a 4-year education program that graduates by taking the basic courses related to the science of ethnology. old and new cultureIt is the department that trains ethnologists who examine how the elements are formed, how they spread on the earth, and the connections between each other. People who like to research, read and interact with people are recommended to have an ethnology department. The duties of the ethnologist can be listed as follows:

  • Investigation of cultural change and development processes,
  • Determining the belief systems and values ​​of societies,
  • Conducting research in the field of education and law,
  • Observing the processing system of cultures and how they exist in society,
  • Audio or visual recording of the observations made,
  • Systematically categorizing and linking the information obtained.

It may be necessary to experience different cultures on site during research processes. Ethnology The features that those who want to read the section should have are as follows:

  • Having high communication skills with people,
  • Be patient in observing behavior and lives,
  • Have a sense of curiosity about events and love to research,
  • To be able to make meaningful connections about the data obtained and the events,
  • Having the ability to observe and draw conclusions from data,
  • Having strong verbal expression skills,
  • Enjoying resource scanning and research,
  • Having a strong memory and attention,
  • Having the general academic skills required by the department,
  • Traveling and living in different cultures.

What is the Difference Between Ethnology and Anthropology?

The difference between ethnology and anthropology ethnology makes comparisons specific to certain communities. Ethnology is one of the sub-disciplines of anthropology. While anthropology studies the whole humanity, ethnology does research by focusing on smaller groups.

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What is the Difference Between Ethnology and Ethnography?

The difference between ethnology and ethnography It is mainly due to the differentiation of the focus on human beings.

  • Ethnography human tribes and evolution while working onIn ethnology, different ethnographies are compared with each other.
  • A person who specializes in ethnography is called an ethnographer, and an ethnologist is called an ethnologist.
  • While ethnography does not study human societies in depth, ethnology does comparative and in-depth research.
  • In ethnography, wedding, customs, etc. in a society. In ethnology, the demographic characteristics of the people are investigated.
  • While evidence-based research should be done in ethnography, assumptions can come into play in ethnology.

Ethnology The common aspect of ethnography and ethnography is that it is based on human studies. Both disciplines are part of anthropology and are considered natural sciences. The information obtained from ethnography constitutes a source for ethnology.

Frequently Asked Questions About What is Ethnology

What Does Ethnologist Mean?

A scientist who is interested in ethnology, researches about human races, and classifies racial characteristics by examining them is called an ethnologist. Ethnologist also means ethnologist.

What is Ethnography?

It is a science that examines the characteristics and cultural elements of different tribes. It has meanings in the form of a tribe or a description of the tribe.

What is Ethnology in Geography?

As a geographical term, ethnology is a science that systematically tries to explain the cultural structures of past and present societies. Collects data on material and spiritual culture and makes comparisons.

What is Anthropology?

It is a science that examines how biological, cultural and social diversity has occurred in human history. It explores the history of societies by investigating the physical features of the human skeleton or skull.

What is Ethnology We welcome your comments and questions on the subject.


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